When did events of ramayana and mahabharata actually occur_

It all depends on what answer you are prepared to receive, for the answer is complicated and mired in politics. Bikram yoga tips for beginners There are essentially two kinds of answers: faith-based answer, or fact-based answer. Yoga for pregnancy chicago Faith-based answer accepts as absolute truth what is transmitted in texts and by teachers without critical analysis; it makes people vociferously certain. Yoga teacher salary nyc Fact-based answer is limited by availability of measurable and verifiable evidence; it makes people cautious and doubtful.

For example, there is archaeological evidence of cities, now submerged under the sea, near the city now called Dwarka, in Gujarat. Prenatal yoga videos on netflix These are probably over 4,000 years old, dated to Harappan times. Yoga tips for weight loss in hindi This is an established fact. Earth yoga nyc Faith-based answer will jump to the conclusion that this is the island-city of Dwarka whose destruction is described in the epic Mahabharata, the earliest available retelling of which is less than 2,500 years old. Yoga pictures funny Fact-based answer will say, there is not enough evidence linking the two.

Now, Hindus believe that time is cyclical. Yoga perth So there is no one Ramayana or Mahabharata. Yoga during pregnancy third trimester These events recur in every cycle (kalpa). Yoga houston tx Each cycle has four phases (yuga), and Ramayana takes place in the second, and Mahabharata in the third. Hot yoga benefits weight loss Between each cycle there is pralaya (end of the world) when all matter is dissolved and the only memory that survives is the Vedas.

The last Ice Age, when much of the earth was covered with snow, ended about 10,000 years ago. Yoga for fertility amazon The faith-based school believes the Ice Age marked the last pralaya. Yoga reading ma Based on astronomical information such as position of constellations and time of eclipses available in scriptures, they have concluded that events in the Ramayana took place 7,000 years ago and events in the Mahabharata took place 5,000 years ago. Bikram yoga melbourne cbd The sages Valmiki and Vyasa witnessed these events, and composed epics, not merely to share the story, but to reveal how their protagonists, Ram and Krishna, used Vedic wisdom to engage with society. Yoga outfitters However, this traditional view is not accepted by scientists.

According to scientists, after the Ice Age, we find rise of human civilisation around the world, especially in river valleys. Yoga mudra meanings We find settlements in South Asia as confirmed by cave paintings and various Stone Age artefacts. Yoga poses for weight loss for beginners with pictures The Harappan city civilisation thrived around the rivers Indus and Saraswati in the North West for a thousand years from 5,000 years ago to 4,000 years ago, with trade links to Egypt and Mesopotamia. Yoga del mar Climate changes, and the drying of Saraswati, led to the collapse of this civilisation. Yoga edinburgh new town We don’t know what language was spoken here so we don’t know if they were aware of Ram or Krishna. French yoga girl instagram The only image recognisable is one that suggests Shiva in meditation. Iyengar yoga berlin mitte While Harappan cities collapsed, the ideas found in the Harappan civilisation did not die out and probably served as one of the many tributaries to the river we called Indic culture. Ashtanga yoga mantra translation And so plants such as pipal, symbols such as swastika and mathematical proportions such as 5:4 (one and one quarter) which have been traced in Harappan cities are still very much part of contemporary Indian faith systems.

As the Harappan civilisation (cities without language) waned, the Vedic civilisation (language without cities) waxed, marked by hymns in a language similar to the language of a nomadic people who migrated out 5,000 years ago from Eurasia towards Europe in the West and India via Iran in the East. Yoga ottawa west end The migration of a people and/or language took place over several centuries. Easy yoga challenge poses It was never an invasion as British Orientalists imagined.

According to scientists, after the Ice Age, we find rise of human civilisation around the world, especially in river valleys. Yoga works soho (Photo: Reuters)

According to language experts, while proto-Sanskrit may have come from Eurasia, the language we call Sanskrit today emerged in the region where Harappan cities once thrived. Yoga baby pose Did the two people mingle, exchange ideas? Did the Veda-chanting people inhabit the dying Harappan cities? Evidence is weak. Maha yograj guggulu baidyanath The people speaking Vedic Sanskrit eventually spread further east towards the Ganga where they established a thriving civilisation 3,000 years ago. Yoga beginner series The hymns refer to an eastward migration. Yoga manly Reference to iron is found in later hymns. Yoga bristol Archaeologists have found painted greyware pottery in the Gangetic plains that can be dated to this period. Hyp yoga omaha So we are fairly confident that Vedic civilisation thrived in the Gangetic plains 3,000 years ago.

The epics refer to events in the Gangetic plains, so can we say these events happened around 3,000 years ago? Events in the Mahabharata refer to the upper Gangetic plains (Indraprastha, near modern Delhi) and the behaviour of people is rather crude as compared to the very refined behaviour found in the Ramayana and which describes events in the lower Gangetic plains (Ayodhya, Mithila) and further south. Yoga pranayama Can we say events in the Ramayana took place after the Mahabharata, and the refinement indicates passage of time and evolution of culture? However, this goes against what the epics themselves say. Yoga tree hayes In the Mahabharata, the Pandavas are told the story of an ancient king called Ram, which makes Ramayana, at least narratively, an earlier tale. Yoga exercises for concentration This makes things confusing.

Now the Vedic hymns are written in a Sanskrit called Vedic Sanskrit while the oldest Ramayana and Mahabharata texts we have are written in a Sanskrit called Classical Sanskrit. Zenergy yoga The latter uses a grammar first documented by Panini who lived 2,500 years ago. Nirvana yoga barrington So the oldest versions of Ramayana and Mahabharata that we have today are less than 2,500 years ago, but they could be describing events that occurred many hundred years before that.

The Mauryan kings introduced writing to India 2,300 years ago and Vedic hymns started being put down in writing less than 2,000 years ago. Meditation music 10 minutes Until then the corpus of Vedic knowledge was transmitted orally. Hot yoga chicago loop This gave the Brahmins, carriers of Vedic knowledge, special status in society. Yoga teacher training in india 2014 Brahmins were challenged by hermits (shramana) who valued contemplation and meditation more than rituals. Yoga routine for lower back pain They spoke words of wisdom that appealed to society. Yoga breathing exercises for sleep The most popular hermit was the Buddha who lived 2,500 years ago. Yoga brighton mi The hermits rejected the Vedic rituals and the householder’s life. Hotbox yoga manayunk Ramayana and Mahabharata seem to have been composed as a reaction to this hermit revolution, so after the age of the Buddha, they argue in favour of the householder’s life and reveal how hermit’s wisdom can be used within the household.

They may have used actual historical events as a framework to present their ideas, and embellished the story with fantastic elements. Yoga poses benefits explained But it is tough to separate what may have really occurred, and what is fantasy, what is memory and what is imagination. Images of yoga poses for weight loss Violent arguments break out when you suggest that ancient aeroplanes (Pushpak Viman) may be fantasy, and ancient transgenderism (Shikhandi) may be fact.

Scholars are of the opinion that many Brahmins contributed to the many editions of the two epics. Yoga for back pain This editing took place over 600 years from 2,300 years ago to 1,700 years ago. Yoga asanas for increasing brain power In other words, the epic we have now is seen as the work of multiple, not single, authors. Open space yoga anchorage Regional versions came much later: Tamil Ramayana is about 1,000 years old, Hindi Ramayana and Mahabharata about 500.

Several books claiming to be the original Sanskrit Valmiki Ramayana and Vyasa Mahabharata were gathered in the 19 th century from across India. Yoga studio calgary south In the 20 th century, scholars put together a “critical” edition of what could be probably the oldest hymns. Absolute yoga woodland hills Thus we have the critical edition of Valmiki Ramayana by Maharaja Sayaji Rao University Oriental Institute, Baroda, and the critical edition of Vyasa Mahabharata by Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune.

We can be fairly confident that the two epics reached their final narrative form 2,000 years ago, and that they reflect events that occurred 3,000 years ago. Charlotte yoga woodlawn Anything before that is a matter of faith.