Rāja yoga – wikipedia

The historical use of the term Rāja yoga is found in other contexts, quite different than its modern usage. Yoga asanas to lose weight In ancient and medieval Sanskrit texts, it meant the highest state of yoga practice (one reaching samadhi). Kundalini yoga mantra music [2] Hatha Yoga Pradipika, for example, refers to Hathayoga as one of the ways to achieve Rāja yoga.

The first known use of the phrase “Rāja yoga” occurs in a 16th-century commentary on a specific step in the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali.

My yoga [1] The Hindu scholar Dattatreya, in his medieval era Tantric work named “Yogaśāstra”, explains in 334 shlokas, principles of four yoga: Mantra yoga, Hatha yoga, Laya yoga and Raja yoga. Pure yoga hong kong [5] Alain Daniélou states that Rāja yoga was, in the historic literature of Hinduism, one of five known methods of yoga, with the other four being Hatha yoga, Mantra yoga, Laya yoga and Shiva yoga. Yoga video online weight loss [6] Daniélou translates it as “Royal way to reintegration of Self with Universal Self ( Brahman)”.

The term became a modern retronym when in the 19th-century Swami Vivekananda equated raja yoga with the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali. Yoga feet over head [1] [2] [3] This sense of meaning is different from Hatha Yoga Pradīpikā, a text of the Natha sampradaya, [7] where it is a different practice. Yoga space hyattsville Similarly, Brahma Kumaris, a recent religious movement, teaches “Rāja yoga” that has very little to do with either the precepts of Hatha Yoga or Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtras. Yoga tips for weight loss in urdu [1] Modern interpretations and literature that discusses Raja yoga often credit Patañjali’s Yogasūtras as its textual source, but many neither adopt the teachings nor the philosophical foundations of the Yoga school of Hinduism. Yougamers [8] This mixing of concepts has led to confusion in understanding historical and modern Indian literature on Yoga. Yoga mat buying tips [2] [7] History [ edit ]

The Shaiva Yoga text, Amanaska, dated to be from the 12th century CE or earlier, is a dialogue between Vamadeva and deity Shiva. Ashtanga yoga primary series cheat sheet In the second chapter, the text mentions Raja yoga, and explains why it is called so. The yoga room astoria It states that it is so named because it enables the yogin to reach the illustrious king within oneself, the supreme Self. Shilpa shetty yoga english [9] Raja yoga is declared as the goal and a state of samadhi, where one experiences nothing but the bliss of the undisturbed, the natural state of calm, serenity, peace, communion within and contentment. Free yoga videos online youtube [1]

The Raja yoga goal and state is synonymous with various terms, such as Amanaska, Unmani and Sahaj. Yoga space kerrville [10] The Hatha Yoga Pradipika (literally, Little Lamp of Hatha Yoga) asserts this as follows, [11]

Raja yoga is a modern retronym introduced by Swami Vivekananda when he equated raja yoga with the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Desk yoga poses [2] [1] [3] After its circulation in the first half of 1st millennium CE, many Indian scholars reviewed it, then published their Bhāṣya (notes and commentary) on it, which together form a canon of texts called the Pātañjalayogaśāstra (“The Treatise on Yoga of Patañjali”). Yoga edinburgh meadows [13] [14]

According to Axel Michaels, the Yoga Sutras are built upon fragments of texts and traditions from ancient India. Yoga breathing techniques for anxiety [15] According to Feuerstein, the Yoga Sutras are a condensation of two different traditions, namely “eight limb yoga” (ashtanga yoga) and action yoga ( kriya yoga). Yoga poses for sacral chakra [16] The kriya yoga part is contained in chapter 1, chapter 2 verse 1-27, chapter 3 except verse 54, and chapter 4. Anahata yoga [16] The “eight limb yoga” is described in chapter 2 verse 28-55, and chapter 3 verse 3 and 54. Best yoga poses for weight loss for beginners [16]

There are numerous parallels in the concepts in ancient Samkhya, Yoga and Abhidharma schools of thought, particularly from 2nd century BCE to 1st century AD, notes Larson. Yoga blogilates [17] Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras may be a synthesis of these three traditions. International yoga journal magazine From Samkhya school of Hinduism, Yoga Sutras adopt the “reflective discernment” ( adhyavasaya) of prakrti and purusa (dualism), its metaphysical rationalism, as well its three epistemic methods to gaining reliable knowledge. Yoga free download mp3 [17] From Abhidharma Buddhism’s idea of nirodhasamadhi, suggests Larson, Yoga Sutras adopt the pursuit of altered state of awareness, but unlike Buddhism which believes that there is neither self nor soul, Yoga is physicalist and realist like Samkhya in believing that each individual has a self and soul. Yoga for youth [17] The third concept Yoga Sutras synthesize into its philosophy is the ancient ascetic traditions of isolation, meditation and introspection, as well as the yoga ideas from the 1st millennium BCE Indian texts such as Katha Upanishad, Shvetashvatara Upanishad and Maitri Upanishad. Best yoga poses for weight loss [17] Islamic period [ edit ]

In early 11th century, the Persian scholar Al Biruni visited India, lived with Hindus for 16 years, and with their help translated several significant Sanskrit works into Arabic and Persian languages. Yoga studio calgary downtown One of these was Patanjali’s Yogasutras. Hot yoga edmonton downtown [18] [19] [20] Along with generally accurate translations, Al Biruni’s text has significant differences than Yogasutra manuscripts discovered in India, during the 19th century. Yoga ukiah Al Biruni’s record has helped modern scholars establish that Patanjali’s Yogasutras manuscript existed in India in many versions, each with multiple commentaries by Hindu scholars. Yoga practice yakima Some of these versions and commentaries have been lost or yet to be found. Asanas de yoga para adelgazar [18] Al Biruni’s translation preserved many of the core themes of Yoga philosophy of Hinduism, but certain sutras and analytical commentaries were restated making it more consistent with Islamic monotheistic theology. Bikram yoga san jose [18] [21] Al Biruni’s version of Yoga Sutras reached Persia and Arabian peninsula by about 1050 AD.

In Indian historical timeline, marking with the arrival of Islam in India in twelfth century, further development and literature on Yoga philosophy of Hinduism went into decline. Ashtanga yoga shala halifax [22] By the sixteenth century, Patanjali’s Yoga philosophy was nearly extinct. Yoga tropics pb [23] Yoga was preserved by sadhus (ascetics, sannyasis) of India. Different yoga poses photos Some of the Hindu yoga elements were adopted by Sufi sect of Muslims in India. Best yoga videos 2016 [24] [25] The Sufi Muslims at times adopted and protected the Yoga tradition of Hindus during the Islamic rule of India, and at other times helped the persecution and violence against those Hindus. Yoga kula wien [26] The Mughal Emperor Akbar, known for his syncretic tolerance, was attracted to and patronized Yoga philosophy of Hinduism. Yoga poses for weight loss pictures [27] See also [ edit ]